{"title":"Simulation Design of Separator for the Treatment of Emulsions","authors":"Irena Markovska, Dimitar Rusev, Nikolai Zaicev, Bogdan Bogdanov, Dimitar Georgiev, Yancho Hristov","volume":65,"journal":"International Journal of Computer and Systems Engineering","pagesStart":905,"pagesEnd":910,"ISSN":"1307-6892","URL":"https:\/\/publications.waset.org\/pdf\/1008","abstract":"A prototype model of an emulsion separator was\ndesigned and manufactured. Generally, it is a cylinder filled with\ndifferent fractal modules. The emulsion was fed into the reactor by a\nperistaltic pump through an inlet placed at the boundary between the\ntwo phases. For hydrodynamic design and sizing of the reactor the\nassumptions of the theory of filtration were used and methods to\ndescribe the separation process were developed. Based on this\nmethodology and using numerical methods and software of Autodesk\nthe process is simulated in different operating modes. The basic\nhydrodynamic characteristics - speed and performance for different\ntypes of fractal systems and decisions to optimize the design of the\nreactor were also defined.","references":"[1] B.B. Mandelbrot, \"Fractal: Form, Chance and Dimension\", W.H.\nFreeman, San Francisco, 1977.\n[2] B.B. Mandelbrot, \"The Fractal Geometry of Nature\" , W.H. Freeman,\nSan Francisco, 1982.\n[3] B.B. Mandelbrot, D.E. Passoja, and A.J. Paulley, \"Fractal character\nof fracture surfaces of metals\" Nature, no. 308, pp.721-722, 1984.\n[4] Annamaria Celli, Antonella Tucci, Leonardo Esposito, Carlo Palmonari\n\"Fractal analysis of cracks in alumina-zirconia composites\", J. Europ.\nCeram. Soc., no. 23, 2003, pp. 469-479\n[5] R. E. Collins, \"Flow of Fluids Through Porous Materials\" Reinholds\nPubl. Corp., N.Y., 1961, p. 351.\n[6] U. M. Molokovich, \"Unbalance filtration and its using in\npetrochemical Practice\", M., Nauka, 2006, p. 214\n[7] V. A. Korolev, \"Cleaning the grounds from contaminations\", M.,\nNauka, 2001, p. 309.\n[8] O. Reynolds, Phil. Trans. R.Soc. Land. vol.177, pp 157-234, 1886\n[9] C. Neto, D. R. Evans, E. Bonaccurso et al., Rep. Progr. Phys. v. 68, pp\n2859-2897, 2005.\n[10] B. Lefevre, A. Saugey, J.-L. Barrat et. al., J. Chem. Pys. vol.120,\npp. 4927- 38, 2004.\n[11] Autodesk Simulation - \"Mechanical Simulation Software\",\nhttp:\/\/usa.autodesk.com\/simulation-software\/.\n[12] M.M. Breuer, \"Encyclopedia of emulsions technology\" New York:\nMarcel Dekker, vol.2, pp.385-424, 1985.","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 65, 2012"}