@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10011303,
	  title     = {Efficiency Enhancement of Photovoltaic Panels Using an Optimised Air Cooled Heat Sink},
	  author    = {Wisam K. Hussam and  Ali Alfeeli and  Gergory J. Sheard},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Solar panels that use photovoltaic (PV) cells are popular
for converting solar radiation into electricity. One of the major
problems impacting the performance of PV panels is the overheating
caused by excessive solar radiation and high ambient temperatures,
which degrades the efficiency of the PV panels remarkably. To
overcome this issue, an aluminum heat sink was used to dissipate
unwanted heat from PV cells. The dimensions of the heat sink were
determined considering the optimal fin spacing that fulfils hot climatic
conditions. In this study, the effects of cooling on the efficiency
and power output of a PV panel were studied experimentally. Two
PV modules were used: one without and one with a heat sink. The
experiments ran for 11 hours from 6:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. where
temperature readings in the rear and front of both PV modules were
recorded at an interval of 15 minutes using sensors and an Arduino
microprocessor. Results are recorded for both panels simultaneously
for analysis, temperate comparison, and for power and efficiency
calculations. A maximum increase in the solar to electrical conversion
efficiency of 35% and almost 55% in the power output were achieved
with the use of a heat sink, while temperatures at the front and back
of the panel were reduced by 9% and 11%, respectively.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
	  volume    = {14},
	  number    = {7},
	  year      = {2020},
	  pages     = {196 - 202},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10011303},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/163},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 163, 2020},