@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10010824,
	  title     = {Development of a Small-Group Teaching Method for Enhancing the Learning of Basic Acupuncture Manipulation Optimized with the Theory of Motor Learning},
	  author    = {Wen-Chao Tang and  Tang-Yi Liu and  Ming Gao and  Gang Xu and  Hua-Yuan Yang},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This study developed a method for teaching
acupuncture manipulation in small groups optimized with the
theory of motor learning. Sixty acupuncture students and their
teacher participated in our research. Motion videos were recorded
of their manipulations using the lifting-thrusting method. These
videos were analyzed using Simi Motion software to acquire the
movement parameters of the thumb tip. The parameter velocity
curves along Y axis was used to generate small teaching groups
clustered by a self-organized map (SOM) and K-means. Ten groups
were generated. All the targeted instruction based on the comparative
results groups as well as the videos of teacher and student was
provided to the members of each group respectively. According to
the theory and research of motor learning, the factors or technologies
such as video instruction, observational learning, external focus and
summary feedback were integrated into this teaching method. Such
efforts were desired to improve and enhance the effectiveness of
current acupuncture teaching methods in limited classroom teaching
time and extracurricular training.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Educational and Pedagogical Sciences},
	  volume    = {13},
	  number    = {10},
	  year      = {2019},
	  pages     = {1355 - 1361},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10010824},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/154},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 154, 2019},