%0 Journal Article
	%A Vishal V. R. Nandigana and  Mohammad Heiranian and  Narayana R. Aluru
	%D 2019
	%J International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 151, 2019
	%T Single Ion Transport with a Single-Layer Graphene Nanopore
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10010562
	%V 151
	%X Graphene material has found tremendous applications
in water desalination, DNA sequencing and energy storage. Multiple
nanopores are etched to create opening for water desalination and
energy storage applications. The nanopores created are of the order
of 3-5 nm allowing multiple ions to transport through the pore. In
this paper, we present for the first time, molecular dynamics study of
single ion transport, where only one ion passes through the graphene
nanopore. The diameter of the graphene nanopore is of the same
order as the hydration layers formed around each ion. Analogous to
single electron transport resulting from ionic transport is observed
for the first time. The current-voltage characteristics of such a device
are similar to single electron transport in quantum dots. The current
is blocked until a critical voltage, as the ions are trapped inside a
hydration shell. The trapped ions have a high energy barrier compared
to the applied input electrical voltage, preventing the ion to break free
from the hydration shell. This region is called “Coulomb blockade
region”. In this region, we observe zero transport of ions inside the
nanopore. However, when the electrical voltage is beyond the critical
voltage, the ion has sufficient energy to break free from the energy
barrier created by the hydration shell to enter into the pore. Thus, the
input voltage can control the transport of the ion inside the nanopore.
The device therefore acts as a binary storage unit, storing 0 when
no ion passes through the pore and storing 1 when a single ion
passes through the pore. We therefore postulate that the device can
be used for fluidic computing applications in chemistry and biology,
mimicking a computer. Furthermore, the trapped ion stores a finite
charge in the Coulomb blockade region; hence the device also acts
a super capacitor.
	%P 479 - 483