%0 Journal Article
	%A Amjad Al Shammari and  Ashraf Ibrahim and  Laila Seada
	%D 2017
	%J International Journal of Health and Medical Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 126, 2017
	%T A 3-Year Evaluation Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Corresponding Histology
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10007436
	%V 126
	%X Background and Objectives: Incidence of thyroid carcinoma has been increasing world-wide. In the present study, we evaluated diagnostic accuracy of Fine needle aspiration (FNA) and its efficiency in early detecting neoplastic lesions of thyroid gland over a 3-year period. Methods: Data have been retrieved from pathology files in King Khalid Hospital. For each patient, age, gender, FNA, site & size of nodule and final histopathologic diagnosis were recorded. Results: Study included 490 cases where 419 of them were female and 71 male. Male to female ratio was 1:6. Mean age was 43 years for males and 38 for females. Cases with confirmed histopathology were 131. In 101/131 (77.1%), concordance was found between FNA and histology. In 30/131 (22.9%), there was discrepancy in diagnosis. Total malignant cases were 43, out of which 14 (32.5%) were true positive and 29 (67.44%) were false negative. No false positive cases could be found in our series. Conclusion: FNA could diagnose benign nodules in all cases, however, in malignant cases, ultrasound findings have to be taken into consideration to avoid missing of a microcarcinoma in the contralateral lobe.

	%P 375 - 379