@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10005845,
	  title     = {Organisational Effectiveness and Its Implications for Seaports},
	  author    = {Shadi Alghaffari and  Hong-Oanh Nguyen and  Peggy Chen and  Hossein Enshaei},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The main purpose of this study was to explore the role of organisational effectiveness (OE) in seaports. OE is an important managerial concept, one that is necessary for leaders and directors in any organisation to understand the output of their work. OE has been applied in many organisations; however, it is a vital concept in the port business. This paper examines various approaches and applications of the OE concept to business management, and describes benefits that are important and applicable to seaport management. This research reviews and classifies articles published in relevant journals and books between 1950 and 2016; from the general literature on OE to the narrower field of OE in seaports. Based on the extensive literature review, this study identifies and discusses several issues relevant to both practices and theories of this concept. The review concludes by presenting a gap in the literature, as it found only a limited amount of research that endeavours to clarify OE in the seaport sector. As a result of this gap, seaports suffer from a lack of empirical study and are largely neglected in this subject area. The implementation of OE in this research has led to the maritime sector interfacing with different disciplines in order to acquire the advantage of enhancing managerial knowledge and competing successfully in the international marketplace.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering},
	  volume    = {10},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2016},
	  pages     = {3684 - 3688},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10005845},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/119},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 119, 2016},
	}