@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10005586,
	  title     = {Phenolic Compounds and Antimicrobial Properties of Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Peel Extracts},
	  author    = {P. Rahnemoon and  M. Sarabi Jamab and  M. Javanmard Dakheli and  A. Bostan},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In recent years, tendency to use of natural antimicrobial agents in food industry has increased. Pomegranate peels containing phenolic compounds and anti-microbial agents, are counted as valuable source for extraction of these compounds. In this study, the extraction of pomegranate peel extract was carried out at different ethanol/water ratios (40:60, 60:40, and 80:20), temperatures (25, 40, and 55 ˚C), and time durations (20, 24, and 28 h). The extraction yield, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and anthocyanins were measured. ‎Antimicrobial activity of pomegranate peel extracts were determined against some food-borne ‎microorganisms such as Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, ‎‎Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus niger, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae by agar diffusion and MIC methods. Results showed that at ethanol/water ratio 60:40, 25 ˚C and 24 h maximum amount of phenolic compounds ‎‏(‎‏‎349.518‎‏ ‏mg gallic acid‏/‏g dried extract), ‎flavonoids (250.124 mg rutin‏/‏g dried extract), anthocyanins (252.047 ‎‏‏mg ‎cyanidin‏‎3‎‏glucoside‏/‏‎100 g dried extract), and the strongest antimicrobial activity were obtained. ‎All extracts’ antimicrobial activities were demonstrated against every tested ‎‎microorganisms‏.‎‏ Staphylococcus aureus showed the highest sensitivity among the tested ‎‎‎microorganisms.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering},
	  volume    = {10},
	  number    = {10},
	  year      = {2016},
	  pages     = {646 - 651},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10005586},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/118},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 118, 2016},
	}