Autcha Araveeporn
An Estimating Parameter of the Mean in Normal Distribution by Maximum Likelihood, Bayes, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods
441 - 444
2016
10
9
International Journal of Mathematical and Computational Sciences
https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10005322
https://publications.waset.org/vol/117
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
This paper is to compare the parameter estimation of
the mean in normal distribution by Maximum Likelihood (ML),
Bayes, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. The ML
estimator is estimated by the average of data, the Bayes method is
considered from the prior distribution to estimate Bayes estimator,
and MCMC estimator is approximated by Gibbs sampling from
posterior distribution. These methods are also to estimate a parameter
then the hypothesis testing is used to check a robustness of the
estimators. Data are simulated from normal distribution with the true
parameter of mean 2, and variance 4, 9, and 16 when the sample
sizes is set as 10, 20, 30, and 50. From the results, it can be seen
that the estimation of MLE, and MCMC are perceivably different
from the true parameter when the sample size is 10 and 20 with
variance 16. Furthermore, the Bayes estimator is estimated from the
prior distribution when mean is 1, and variance is 12 which showed
the significant difference in mean with variance 9 at the sample size
10 and 20.
Open Science Index 117, 2016