@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003459,
	  title     = {Non–Geometric Sensitivities Using the Adjoint Method},
	  author    = {Marcelo Hayashi and  João Lima and  Bruno Chieregatti and  Ernani Volpe},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The adjoint method has been used as a successful tool to
obtain sensitivity gradients in aerodynamic design and optimisation
for many years. This work presents an alternative approach to the
continuous adjoint formulation that enables one to compute gradients
of a given measure of merit with respect to control parameters other
than those pertaining to geometry. The procedure is then applied to
the steady 2–D compressible Euler and incompressible Navier–Stokes
flow equations. Finally, the results are compared with sensitivities
obtained by finite differences and theoretical values for validation.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering},
	  volume    = {10},
	  number    = {1},
	  year      = {2016},
	  pages     = {155 - 163},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003459},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/109},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 109, 2016},