@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003328,
	  title     = {Collocation Errors in English as Second Language (ESL) Essay Writing},
	  author    = {Fatima Muhammad Shitu},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In language learning, second language learners as well
as Native speakers commit errors in their attempt to achieve
competence in the target language. The realm of collocation has to do
with meaning relation between lexical items. In all human language,
there is a kind of ‘natural order’ in which words are arranged or relate
to one another in sentences so much so that when a word occurs in a
given context, the related or naturally co-occurring word will
automatically come to the mind. It becomes an error, therefore, if
students inappropriately pair or arrange such ‘naturally’ co–occurring
lexical items in a text. It has been observed that most of the second
language learners in this research group commit collocation errors. A
study of this kind is very significant as it gives insight into the kinds
of errors committed by learners. This will help the language teacher
to be able to identify the sources and causes of such errors as well as
correct them thereby guiding, helping and leading the learners
towards achieving some level of competence in the language. The
aim of the study is to understand the nature of these errors as
stumbling blocks to effective essay writing. The objective of the
study is to identify the errors, analyze their structural compositions so
as to determine whether there are similarities between students in this
regard and to find out whether there are patterns to these kinds of
errors which will enable the researcher to understand their sources
and causes. As a descriptive research, the researcher samples some
nine hundred essays collected from three hundred undergraduate
learners of English as a second language in the Federal College of
Education, Kano, North- West Nigeria, i.e. three essays per each
student. The essays which were given on three different lecture times
were of similar thematic preoccupations (i.e. same topics) and length
(i.e. same number of words). The essays were written during the
lecture hour at three different lecture occasions. The errors were
identified in a systematic manner whereby errors so identified were
recorded only once even if they occur severally in students’ essays.
The data was collated using percentages in which the identified
numbers of occurrences were converted accordingly in percentages.
The findings from the study indicate that there are similarities as well
as regular and repeated errors which provided a pattern. Based on the
pattern identified, the conclusion is that students’ collocation errors
are attributable to poor teaching and learning which resulted in wrong
generalization of rules.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Cognitive and Language Sciences},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {3270 - 3277},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003328},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/105},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 105, 2015},
	}