@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003087,
	  title     = {Numerical Analysis of Roughness Effect on Mini and Microchannels: Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer},
	  author    = {El-Ghalia Filali and  Cherif Gadouche and  Mohamed Tahar},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {A three-dimensional numerical simulation of flow
through mini and microchannels with designed roughness is
conducted here. The effect of the roughness height (surface
roughness), geometry, Reynolds number on the friction factor, and
Nusselt number is investigated. The study is carried out by
employing CFD software, CFX. Our work focuses on a water flow
inside a circular mini-channel of 1 mm and microchannels of 500 and
100 m in diameter. The speed entry varies from 0.1 m/s to 20 m/s.
The general trend can be observed that bigger sizes of roughness
element lead to higher flow resistance. It is found that the friction
factor increases in a nonlinear fashion with the increase in obstruction
height. Particularly, the effect of roughness can no longer be ignored
at relative roughness height higher than 3%. A significant increase in
Poiseuille number is detected for all configurations considered. The
same observation can be done for Nusselt number. The transition
zone between laminar and turbulent flow depends on the channel
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {11},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {1973 - 1978},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10003087},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/107},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 107, 2015},