@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002767,
	  title     = {Numerical Simulation of the Bond Behavior between Concrete and Steel Reinforcing Bars in Specialty Concrete},
	  author    = {Camille A. Issa and  Omar Masri},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In this study, the commercial finite element software
ABAQUS was used to develop a three-dimensional nonlinear finite
element model capable of simulating the pull-out test of reinforcing
bars from underwater concrete. The results of thirty-two pull-out tests
that have different parameters were implemented in the software to
study the effect of the concrete cover, the bar size, the use of stirrups,
and the compressive strength of concrete. The interaction properties used in the model provided accurate
results in comparison with the experimental bond-slip results, thus
the model has successfully simulated the pull-out test. The results of
the finite element model are used to better understand and visualize
the distribution of stresses in each component of the model, and to
study the effect of the various parameters used in this study including
the role of the stirrups in preventing the stress from reaching to the
sides of the specimens.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {767 - 774},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002767},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/102},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 102, 2015},