@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002305,
	  title     = {Potential of γ-Polyglutamic Acid for Cadmium Toxicity Alleviation in Rice},
	  author    = {N. Kotabin and  Y. Tahara and  K. Issakul and  O. Chunhachart},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Cadmium (II) (Cd) is one of the major toxic elemental
pollutants, which is hazardous for humans, animals and plants. γ-
Polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA) is an extracellular biopolymer produced
by several species of Bacillus which has been reported to be an
effective biosorbent for metal ions. The effect of γ-PGA on growth of
rice grown under laboratory conditions was investigated. Rice seeds
were germinated and then grown at 30±1°C on filter paper soaked
with Cd solution and γ-PGA for 7 days. The result showed that Cd
significantly inhibited the growth of roots, shoots by reducing root,
and shoot lengths. Fresh and dry weights also decreased compared
with control; however, the addition of 500 mg·L-1 γ-PGA alleviated
rice seedlings from the adverse effects of Cd. The analysis of
physiological traits revealed that Cd caused a decrease in the total
chlorophyll and soluble protein contents and amylase activities in all
treatments. The Cd content in seedling tissues increased for the Cd
250 μM treatment (P},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Bioengineering and Life Sciences},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {994 - 998},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002305},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/105},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 105, 2015},