@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002021,
	  title     = {A Four-Step Ortho-Rectification Procedure for Geo-Referencing Video Streams from a Low-Cost UAV},
	  author    = {B. O. Olawale and  C. R. Chatwin and  R. C. D. Young and  P. M. Birch and  F. O. Faithpraise and  A. O. Olukiran},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In this paper, we present a four-step ortho-rectification
procedure for real-time geo-referencing of video data from a low-cost
UAV equipped with a multi-sensor system. The basic procedures for
the real-time ortho-rectification are: (1) decompilation of the video
stream into individual frames; (2) establishing the interior camera
orientation parameters; (3) determining the relative orientation
parameters for each video frame with respect to each other; (4)
finding the absolute orientation parameters, using a self-calibration
bundle and adjustment with the aid of a mathematical model. Each
ortho-rectified video frame is then mosaicked together to produce a
mosaic image of the test area, which is then merged with a well
referenced existing digital map for the purpose of geo-referencing
and aerial surveillance. A test field located in Abuja, Nigeria was
used to evaluate our method. Video and telemetry data were collected
for about fifteen minutes, and they were processed using the four-step
ortho-rectification procedure. The results demonstrated that the
geometric measurement of the control field from ortho-images is
more accurate when compared with those from original perspective
images when used to pin point the exact location of targets on the
video imagery acquired by the UAV. The 2-D planimetric accuracy
when compared with the 6 control points measured by a GPS receiver
is between 3 to 5 metres.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {8},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {1885 - 1892},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10002021},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/104},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 104, 2015},