@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001929,
	  title     = {Flocculation on the Treatment of Olive Oil Mill Wastewater: Pretreatment},
	  author    = {G. Hodaifa and  J. A. Páez and  C. Agabo and  E. Ramos and  J. C. Gutiérrez and  A. Rosal},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Currently, continuous two-phase decanter process
used for olive oil production is the more internationally widespread.
The wastewaters generated from this industry (OMW) are a real
environmental problem because of its high organic load. Among
proposed treatments for these wastewaters, advanced oxidation
technologies (Fenton, ozone, photoFenton, etc.) are the most
favourable. The direct application of these processes is somewhat
expensive. Therefore, the application of a previous stage based on a
flocculation-sedimentation operation is of high importance. In this
research five commercial flocculants (three cationic, and two anionic)
have been used to achieve the separation of phases (liquid clarifiedsludge).
For each flocculant, different concentrations (0-1000 mg/L)
have been studied. In these experiments, sludge volume formed and
the final water quality were determined. The final removal
percentages of total phenols (11.3-25.1%), COD (5.6-20.4%), total
carbon (2.3-26.5%), total organic carbon (1.50-23.8%), total nitrogen
(1.45-24.8%), and turbidity (27.9-61.4%) were determined. The
variation on electric conductivity reduction percentage (1-8%) was
also determined. Finally, the best flocculants with highest removal
percentages have been determined (QG2001 and Flocudex CS49).},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Chemical and Molecular Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {645 - 650},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001929},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/101},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 101, 2015},