@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001694,
	  title     = {Indirect Solar Desalination: Value Engineering and Cost Benefit Analysis},
	  author    = {Grace Rachid and  Mutasem El-Fadel and  Mahmoud Al-Hindi and  Ibrahim Jamali and  Daniel Abdel Nour},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This study examines the feasibility of indirect solar
desalination in oil producing countries in the Middle East and North
Africa (MENA) region. It relies on value engineering (VE) and costbenefit
with sensitivity analyses to identify optimal coupling
configurations of desalination and solar energy technologies. A
comparative return on investment was assessed as a function of water
costs for varied plant capacities (25,000 to 75,000 m3/day), project
lifetimes (15 to 25 years), and discount rates (5 to 15%) taking into
consideration water and energy subsidies, land cost as well as
environmental externalities in the form of carbon credit related to
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction. The results showed
reverse osmosis (RO) coupled with photovoltaic technologies (PVs)
as the most promising configuration, robust across different prices for
Brent oil, discount rates, as well as different project lifetimes.
Environmental externalities and subsidies analysis revealed that a
16% reduction in existing subsidy on water tariffs would ensure
economic viability. Additionally, while land costs affect investment
attractiveness, the viability of RO coupled with PV remains possible
for a land purchase cost },
	    journal   = {International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {6},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {547 - 553},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001694},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/102},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 102, 2015},