@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001628,
	  title     = {A Closed-Loop Design Model for Sustainable Manufacturing by Integrating Forward Design and Reverse Design},
	  author    = {Yuan-Jye Tseng and  Yi-Shiuan Chen},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In this paper, a new concept of closed-loop design for a
product is presented. The closed-loop design model is developed by
integrating forward design and reverse design. Based on this new
concept, a closed-loop design model for sustainable manufacturing by
integrated evaluation of forward design, reverse design, and green
manufacturing using a fuzzy analytic network process is developed. In
the design stage of a product, with a given product requirement and
objective, there can be different ways to design the detailed
components and specifications. Therefore, there can be different
design cases to achieve the same product requirement and objective.
Subsequently, in the design evaluation stage, it is required to analyze
and evaluate the different design cases. The purpose of this research is
to develop a model for evaluating the design cases by integrated
evaluating the criteria in forward design, reverse design, and green
manufacturing. A fuzzy analytic network process method is presented
for integrated evaluation of the criteria in the three models. The
comparison matrices for evaluating the criteria in the three groups are
established. The total relational values among the three groups
represent the total relational effects. In applications, a super matrix
model is created and the total relational values can be used to evaluate
the design cases for decision-making to select the final design case. An
example product is demonstrated in this presentation. It shows that the
model is useful for integrated evaluation of forward design, reverse
design, and green manufacturing to achieve a closed-loop design for
sustainable manufacturing objective.},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {7},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {2277 - 2283},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001628},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/103},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 103, 2015},