@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001190,
	  title     = {Investigation of Heat Transfer by Natural Convection in an Open Channel},
	  author    = {Mahmoud S. Ahmed and  Hany A. Mohamed and  Mohamed A. Omara and  Mohamed F. Abdeen},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Experimental study of natural convection heat transfer
inside smooth and rough surfaces of vertical and inclined equilateral
triangular channels of different inclination angles with a uniformly
heated surface are performed. The inclination angle is changed from
15º to 90º. Smooth and rough surface of average roughness (0.02mm)
are used and their effect on the heat transfer characteristics are
studied. The local and average heat transfer coefficients and Nusselt
number are obtained for smooth and rough channels at different heat
flux values, different inclination angles and different Rayleigh
numbers (Ra) 6.48 × 105 ≤ Ra ≤ 4.78 × 106. The results show that
the local Nusselt number decreases with increase of axial distance
from the lower end of the triangular channel to a point near the upper
end of channel, and then, it slightly increases. Higher values of local
Nusselt number for rough channel along the axial distance compared
with the smooth channel. The average Nusselt number of rough
channel is higher than that of smooth channel by about 8.1% for
inclined case at θ = 45o and 10% for vertical case. The results
obtained are correlated using dimensionless groups for both rough
and smooth surfaces of the inclined and vertical triangular channels.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {5},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {737 - 743},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10001190},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/101},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 101, 2015},