@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000821,
	  title     = {Groundwater Seepage Estimation into Amirkabir Tunnel Using Analytical Methods and DEM and SGR Method},
	  author    = {Hadi Farhadian and  Homayoon Katibeh},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {In this paper, groundwater seepage into Amirkabir
tunnel has been estimated using analytical and numerical methods for
14 different sections of the tunnel. Site Groundwater Rating (SGR)
method also has been performed for qualitative and quantitative
classification of the tunnel sections. The obtained results of above
mentioned methods were compared together. The study shows
reasonable accordance with results of the all methods unless for two
sections of tunnel. In these two sections there are some significant
discrepancies between numerical and analytical results mainly
originated from model geometry and high overburden. SGR and the
analytical and numerical calculations, confirm high concentration of
seepage inflow in fault zones. Maximum seepage flow into tunnel has
been estimated 0.425 lit/sec/m using analytical method and 0.628
lit/sec/m using numerical method occured in crashed zone. Based on
SGR method, six sections of 14 sections in Amirkabir tunnel axis are
found to be in "No Risk" class that is supported by the analytical and
numerical seepage value of less than 0.04 lit/sec/m.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {296 - 301},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000821},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/99},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 99, 2015},