@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000740,
	  title     = {Impact of Two Herbal Seeds Supplementation on Growth Performance and Some Biochemical Blood and Tissue Parameters of Broiler Chickens},
	  author    = {Hamada A. Ahmed and  Kadry M. Sadek and  Ayman E. Taha},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {The effects of basil and/or chamomile seed
supplementation on the growth of Hubbard broiler chicks were
evaluated. The antioxidant effects of these supplements were also
assessed. 120 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided into
four equal groups. The control group (group 1) was fed a basal diet
(BD) without supplementation. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were fed the BD
supplemented with 10g basil, 10g chamomile, and 5g basil plus 5g
chamomile per kg of food, respectively. Basil supplementation alone
or in combination with chamomile non-significantly (P≥0.05)
increased final body weight (3.2% and 0.3%, respectively) and
weight gain (3.5% and 3.6%, respectively) over the experimental
period. Chamomile supplementation alone non-significantly (P≥0.05)
reduced final body weight and weight gain over the experimental
period by 1.7% and 1.7%, respectively. In comparison to the control
group, herbal seed supplementation reduced feed intake and
improved the feed conversion and protein efficiency ratios. In
general, basil seed supplementation stimulated chicken growth and
improved the feed efficiency more effectively than chamomile seed
supplementation. The antioxidant activities of basil and/or chamomile
supplementation were examined in the thymus, bursa, and spleen. In
chickens that received supplements, the level of malondialdehyde
was significantly decreased, whereas the activities of glutathione,
superoxide dismutase, and catalase were significantly increased
(P<0.05). Supplementation of basil and/or chamomile did not affect
blood protein levels, but had lipid-lowering effects as evidenced by
reduced serum levels of total lipids, triglycerides, and cholesterol. In
conclusion, supplementation of basil and/or chamomile improved
growth parameters in broiler chicks and had antioxidant and blood
lipid-lowering effects. These beneficial effects of basil and/or
chamomile supplementation resulted in economically viable
production of high-quality white meat containing no harmful
residues.
},
	    journal   = {International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {279 - 284},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000740},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/99},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 99, 2015},
	}