@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000729,
	  title     = {Optimal Placement of Phasor Measurement Units Using Gravitational Search Method},
	  author    = {Satyendra Pratap Singh and  S. P. Singh},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {This paper presents a methodology using
Gravitational Search Algorithm for optimal placement of Phasor
Measurement Units (PMUs) in order to achieve complete
observability of the power system. The objective of proposed
algorithm is to minimize the total number of PMUs at the power
system buses, which in turn minimize installation cost of the PMUs.
In this algorithm, the searcher agents are collection of masses which
interact with each other using Newton’s laws of gravity and motion.
This new Gravitational Search Algorithm based method has been
applied to the IEEE 14-bus, IEEE 30-bus and IEEE 118-bus test
systems. Case studies reveal optimal number of PMUs with better
observability by proposed method.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {3},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {307 - 311},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000729},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/99},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 99, 2015},