%0 Journal Article
	%A Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar and  Umar Adli Amran and  Rasidi Roslan and  Chia Chin Hua and  Sarani Zakaria
	%D 2015
	%J International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
	%B World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
	%I Open Science Index 97, 2015
	%T Properties of Bio-Phenol Formaldehyde Composites Filled with Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber
	%U https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000547
	%V 97
	%X Bio-composites derived from plant fiber and/or bioderived
polymer, are likely more ecofriendly and demonstrate
competitive performance with petroleum based composites. In this
research, the bio phenol-formaldehyde (bio-PF) was used as a matrix
and oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber (EFB) as reinforcement. The
matrix was synthesized via liquefaction and condensation to enhance
the combination of phenol and formaldehyde, during the process.
Then, the bio-PF was mixed with different percentage of EFB (5%,
10%, 15% and 20%) and molded at 180oC. The samples that viewed
under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed an excellent
wettability and interaction between EFB and matrix. Samples of 10%
EFB gave the optimum properties of impact and hardness meanwhile
sample 15% of EFB gave the highest reading of flexural modulus
(MOE) and flexural strength (MOR). For thermal stability analysis, it
was found that the weight loss and the activation energy (Ea) of the
bio-composites samples were decreased as the filler content
increased.

	%P 171 - 174