@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000535,
	  title     = {Two Cases of VACTERL Association in Pregnancy with Lymphocyte Therapy},
	  author    = {Seyed Mazyar Mortazavi and  Masod Memari and  Hasan Ali Ahmadi and  Zhaleh Abed},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {VACTERL association is a rare disorder with various
congenital malformations. The aetiology remains unknown.
Combination of at least three congenital anomalies of the following
criteria is required for diagnosis: vertebral defects, anal atresia,
cardiac anomalies, tracheo-esophageal fistula, renal anomalies, and
limb defects. The first case was 1-day old male neonate with multiple
congenital anomalies was bore from 28 years old mother. The mother
had history of pregnancy with lymphocyte therapy. His anomalies
included: defects in thoracic and lumbar vertebral, anal atresia,
bilateral hydronephrosis, atrial septal defect, and lower limb
abnormality. Other anomalies were cryptorchidism and nasal canal
narrowing. The second case was born with 32 weeks gestational age
from mother with history of pregnancy with lymphocyte therapy. He
had thoracic vertebral defect, cardiac anomalies and renal defect.
diagnosis based on clinical finding is VACTERL association. Early
diagnosis is very important to investigation and treatment of other
coexistence anomalies. VACTERL association in mothers with
history of pregnancy with lymphocyte therapy has suggested possibly
of relationship between VACTERL association and this method of
	    journal   = {International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {2},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {135 - 138},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000535},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/98},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 98, 2015},