@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000301,
	  title     = {Particle Concentration Distribution under Idling Conditions in a Residential Underground Garage},
	  author    = {Yu Zhao and  Shinsuke Kato and  Jianing Zhao},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Particles exhausted from cars have adverse impacts on
human health. The study developed a three-dimensional particle
dispersion numerical model including particle coagulation to simulate
the particle concentration distribution under idling conditions in a
residential underground garage. The simulation results demonstrate
that particle disperses much faster in the vertical direction than that in
horizontal direction. The enhancement of particle dispersion in the
vertical direction due to the increase of cars with engine running is
much stronger than that in the car exhaust direction. Particle dispersion
from each pair of adjacent cars has little influence on each other in the
study. Average particle concentration after 120 seconds exhaust is
1.8-4.5 times higher than the initial total particles at ambient
environment. Particle pollution in the residential underground garage
is severe.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering},
	  volume    = {9},
	  number    = {1},
	  year      = {2015},
	  pages     = {88 - 94},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000301},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/97},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 97, 2015},