@article{(Open Science Index):https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000125,
	  title     = {Zamzam Water as Corrosion Inhibitor for Steel Rebar in Rainwater and Simulated Acid Rain},
	  author    = {Ahmed A. Elshami and  St├ęphanie Bonnet and  Abdelhafid Khelidj},
	  country	= {},
	  institution	= {},
	  abstract     = {Corrosion inhibitors are widely used in concrete
industry to reduce the corrosion rate of steel rebar which is present in
contact with aggressive environments. The present work aims to
using Zamzam water from well located within the Masjid al-Haram
in Mecca, Saudi Arabia 20 m (66 ft) east of the Kaaba, the holiest
place in Islam as corrosion inhibitor for steel in rain water and
simulated acid rain. The effect of Zamzam water was investigated by
electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Potentiodynamic
polarization techniques in Department of Civil Engineering - IUT
Saint-Nazaire, Nantes University, France. Zamzam water is
considered to be one of the most important steel corrosion inhibitor
which is frequently used in different industrial applications. Results
showed that zamzam water gave a very good inhibition for steel
corrosion in rain water and simulated acid rain.
	    journal   = {International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering},
	  volume    = {8},
	  number    = {9},
	  year      = {2014},
	  pages     = {1047 - 1051},
	  ee        = {https://publications.waset.org/pdf/10000125},
	  url   	= {https://publications.waset.org/vol/93},
	  bibsource = {https://publications.waset.org/},
	  issn  	= {eISSN: 1307-6892},
	  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
	  index 	= {Open Science Index 93, 2014},