Open Science Journals
All articles in open science journals have undergone peer review and upon acceptance are immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Open science represents a new approach to the scientific process: shifting from the standard practices of publishing research results in scientific publications towards sharing and using all available knowledge at an earlier stage in the research process. Open science originates with the premise that universal scientific knowledge is a product of a collective scholarly and social collaboration involving all stakeholders and knowledge belongs to the global society. Scientific outputs generated by public research are a public good that should be available to all at no cost and without barriers or restrictions. The broader public should have access to publicly-funded research and its benefits provides an additional strong rationale for open science. In the case of publicly-funded research, the ultimate sponsor is the citizen. The public benefits from open science as new knowledge is utilized more rapidly to improve health, protect environmental quality, and deliver new products and services. Citizen science is the inclusion of members of the public in some aspect of scientific research. Open Science is an umbrella term encompassing a multitude of assumptions about the future of knowledge creation and dissemination, especially regarding technological infrastructure, accessibility of knowledge creation, access to knowledge, measurement of impact and collaborative research.The adoption of open science approaches and policies can benefit widely citizen science by increasing its visibility and opportunities for collaboration, ensuring data persistence, and securing its legacies and impacts in scientific research and policy. Combining citizen science and open science will benefit to address grand challenges and respond to diminishing societal trust in science. In addition it will contribute to the creation of common goods and shared resources, and facilitate knowledge transfer between science and society aiming at stimulating innovation.