Usability Issues of Smart Phone Applications: For Visually Challenged People
In this era of globalization, adoption of technology is quite difficult for people with physical disabilities compared to people with normal abilities. The advancement in mobile based accessible applications have opened up several different avenues for the visually challenged across the globe. Smartphones applications are not very common for blind people, but they access and use these applications in their daily lives to some extent. Several smartphone applications have a number of usability issues for the visually impaired. In this paper, we evaluate the usability of various android & iPhone applications for blind people through analysis and surveys. This paper aspires to provide guidance in order to increase smartphone application accessibility for the visually impaired. An abstract application design is also proposed to overcome usability issues in smartphone applications for visually challenged people.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1092505Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4622
 M.-A. Espinosa, S. Ungar, E. Ochaíta, M. Blades, C. Spencer.Comparing methods for introducing blind and visually impaired people to unfamiliar urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 277-287,1998
 Majid, R.A. A Survey on User Involvement in Software Development Life Cycle from Practitioner’s Perspectives. Computer Sciences and Convergence Information Technology (ICCIT), 240-243, 5th International Conference 2010
 (October, 2013) Eye data (Online) http://www.nei.nih.gov/eyedata/ blind.asp
 Julius T. Nganji.Disability-Aware Software Engineering for Improved System Accessibility and Usability.International Journal of Software Engineering and Its Applications Vol. 5, July, 2011
 (October, 2013) World Health Organization (Online) http://www.who.int/blindness/GLOBALDATAFINALforweb.pdf
 Jadoon MZ, Dineen B, Bourne RRA, et al. Prevalence of Blindness and Visual Impairment in Pakistan: The Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey, IOVS. 2006
 (October, 2013) Code factory (Online) http://www.codefactory.es/ en/products.asp?id=316
 (September, 2013) Voiceover: Macintosh OS X, 2007 (Online). http://www.apple.com/accessibility/voiceover
 (October, 2013) Eyes-free. (Online) http://code.google.com/p/eyes-free/. 2010. /.
 Kane, S. K., C. Jayant, J. O.Wobbrock, and R. E. Ladner. Freedomto roam: a study of mobile device adoption and accessibility for people with visual and motor disabilities. ASSETS ,pages 115-122,2009
 Liu, X. A camera phone based currency reader for the visually impaired. ASSETS ,pages 305-306,2008
 (August, 2013) voice for android, 2010 (Online) www.seeingwithsound.com/android.htm
 Zewen Li. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops 2013.
 (October, 2013) Senior Health (Online) http://nihseniorhealth.gov
 Lahav, Orly. Blind Aid: A Learning Environment For Enabling People Who Are Blind To Explore And Navigate Through Unknown Real Spaces. Virtual Rehabilitation, pages 193-197,2008
 Zahid Hussain Awan, P.S. Mahar. Blindness and Poverty. Pak J Ophthalmol , Vol. 27, 2011
 Meijer, P.B.L. An Experimental System for Auditory Image Representations. IEEE Transactionson Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 39 pages 112-121 Feb 1992
 A.C. G. Martins and R. M. Rangayyan, .Experimental Evaluation of Auditory Display and Sonification of Textured Images. International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD), Palo Alto,CA,1997
 C.A. Avizzano, S.Marcheschi,.A Multi-Finger Haptic Interface for Visually Impaired People. 2003 IEEE lntematlonal Workshop on Robot and human lnteracliv~C ,2003
 Yasuomi Une. Information presentation device realizing assistance of active understanding for visually-impaired people. Active Media Technology, IEEE Conference , pages 22-27, 2005
 Imai. A New Touchscreen Application to Retrieve Speech Information Efficiently. Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions ,Volume:59 , Issue: 1 ,pages - 200 – 206, 2004
 October, 2013) "First Smart Phone” (Online) http://www.project-ray.com/
 International Standard Organization (ISO), ISO 9241-11: Ergonomic Requirements for Office Work with Visual Display Terminals (VDTs), Part 11: Guidance on Usability, 1st ed., International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, CH, 1998.
 www.pdfa.org/wp.../Duff-Johnson-PDFUA_7- inutes-2012-03-2 .pdf
 En Peng. Product Barcode and Expiry Date Detection for the Visually Impaired using a Smartphone. Digital Image Computing Techniques and Applications (DICTA),International Conference, pages 1- 7.2012
 (October 2013) "TalkBack” (Online) https://play.google.com/ store/apps/details?id=com .google.android.marvin.talkback
 (October 2013) Viz Wiz (Online) https://itunes.apple.com/PK/app/ id439686043?mt =8
 (November 2013) Smartphone Applications Usability Evaluation (Online) http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978- 3-642-34347-6_9
 Bigham, J. P., Jayant, C., Ji, H., Little, G., Miller, A., Miller, R. C., Miller, R., Tatarowicz, A., White, B.,White, S., and Yeh, T. Vizwiz: Nearly real-time answers to visual questions. In Proceedings of UIST, 2010