Association of Sensory Processing and Cognitive Deficits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders – Pioneer Study in Saudi Arabia
The association between sensory problems and cognitive abilities has been studied in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). In this study, we used a Neuropsychological Test to evaluate memory and attention in ASDs children with sensory problems compared to the ASDs children without sensory problems. Four visual memory tests of Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) including Big/little circle (BLC), Simple Reaction Time (SRT) Intra /Extra dimensional set shift (IED), Spatial recognition memory (SRM), were administered to 14 ASDs children with sensory problems compared to 13 ASDs without sensory problems aged 3 to 12 with IQ of above 70. ASDs individuals with sensory problems performed worse than the ASDs group without sensory problems on comprehension, learning, reversal and simple reaction time tasks, and no significant difference between the two groups was recorded in terms of the visual memory and visual comprehension tasks. The findings of this study suggest that ASDs children with sensory problems are facing deficits in learning, comprehension, reversal, and speed of response to a stimulus.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1092016Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2091
 First MB, Frances A, Pincus HA. DSM-IV-TR: Handbook of differential diagnosis. United States of America: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2002.
 Olga Bogdashina, Sensory Perceptual Issues in Autism and Asperger Syndrome. 1st edition. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.
 Howlin P. Autism and asperger syndrome. 2th ed. United States of America: Routledge; 2005.
 S.J. Rogers, S. Hepburn, and E. Wehner, ''parent reports of sensory symptoms in toddlers with autism and those with other developmental disorders, ''Journal of Autism and Developmental disorders, vol.33, no.6, pp.631-642, 2003.
 R.L. Watling, J. Deitz, and O. White, ''comparison of sensory profile scores of young children with and without autism spectrum disorders,'' American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 55, no.4, pp.416-423, 2001.
 S.R. Leekam, C. Nieto, S.J. Libby, L. Wing, and J. Gould, ''Describing the sensory abnormalities of children and adults with autism,'' Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 37, no. 5, pp.416-423, 2001.
 G.T. Baranek, F.J. David, M.D. Poe, W.L. Stone, and L.R. Watson, ''Sensory experiences questionnaire: discriminating sensory features in young children with autism, developmental delays, and typical developmental,'' Journal of Child Psychology and psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, vol. 47, no.6, pp.591-601, 2006.
 S.D. Mayes and S.L. Calhoun, ''Symptoms of autism in young children and correspondence with the DSM,'' Infants and Young Children, vol. 12,no. 2, pp. 90-97, 1999
 W. Dunn, The Sensory Profile Manual, The Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, Tex, USA, 1999.
 D. N. McIntosh, L. J. Miller, V. Shyru, and R. J. Hagerman, "Sensory-modulation disruption, electrodermal responses, and functional behaviors," Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 608-615, 1999.
 Lynne Murray, "The Impact of Postnatal Depression on Infant Development", Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 543-561, 1992.
 Wiley, International Journal of Systematic Theology, 1999.
 Diane l.williams." the profile of memory function in children with autism "journal of neuropsychology,2007.