Energy Management System in HEV Using PI Controller
Nowadays the use of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) is increasing dramatically. The HEV is mainly dependent on electricity and there is always a need for storage of charge. Fuel Cell (FC), Batteries and Ultra Capacitor are being used for the proposed HEV as an electric power source or as an energy storage unit. The aim of developing an energy management technique is to utilize the sources according to the requirement of the vehicle with help of controller. This increases the efficiency of hybrid electric vehicle to reduce the fuel consumption and unwanted emission. The Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) in FC is done using (Perturb & Observe) algorithm. In this paper, the control of automobiles at variable speed is achieved effectively.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1091760Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2819
 Y. Wu and H. W. Gao, "Optimization of fuel cell and supercapacitor for fuel-cell electric vehicle,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 55, no. 6,pp. 1748–1755, Nov. 2006.
 Fam, W. Z., and Balachander, M. K. "Dynamic performance of a dc shunt motor connected to photovoltaic array” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 3, 1988.
 S.Saravanan and S. Thangavel, " Instantaneous reference current scheme based power management system for a solar/wind/ fuel cell fed hybrid power supply,” ELSEVIER., vol. 55, pp. 155-170, 2014.
 S. M. Lukic, J. Cao, R. C. Bansal, F. Rodriguez, and A. Emadi, "Energy storage systems for automotive applications,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 2258–2267, Jun. 2008.
 Wirasingha And Emad,” Classification And Review Of Control Strategies For PHEVs,” IEEE Trans. Vech.Tech., vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 111–122, Jan.2011.
 A. Lahyani, P. Venet, and A. Troudi, "Design of power sharing system between supercapacitors and battery in an uninterruptible power supply (UPS),” presented at the IEEE 33rd Int. Telecommun. Energy Conf., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Oct. 9–13, 2011.
 Dufo-López R, Bernal-Agustín JL, Contreras J. Optimization of control strategies for stand-alone renewable energy systems with hydrogen storage. Renewable Energy 2007;32:1102–26.conference on Power Electronics and Motion Control, pp. 1614-1619, 2006.
 Z.Amjadi and S.S.Williamson, "Power-Electronic –Based Solutions for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Energy Storage and Management Systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 608-616, Feb. 2010.
 M.Zandi, A.Payman, J.P. Martin, S.Pierfederici and B.Davat, " Energy Management of a Fuel Cell/Supercapacitor/Battery Power Source for Electric Vehicular Applications,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Tech., vol. 60,no. 2, pp. 433-443, Feb.2011.
 B. Zahedi, O. C. Nebb, and L. E. Norum, "An isolated bidirectional converter modeling for hybrid electric ship simulations,” in Proc. IEEE Transp. Electrification Conf. Expo., Jun. 2012.