A Challenge to Acquire Serious Victims’ Locations during Acute Period of Giant Disasters
In this paper, we report how to acquire serious victims’ locations in the Acute Stage of Large-scale Disasters, in an Emergency Information Network System designed by us. The background of our concept is based on the Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11th, 2011. Through many experiences of national crises caused by earthquakes and tsunamis, we have established advanced communication systems and advanced disaster medical response systems. However, Japan was devastated by huge tsunamis swept a vast area of Tohoku causing a complete breakdown of all the infrastructures including telecommunications. Therefore, we noticed that we need interdisciplinary collaboration between science of disaster medicine, regional administrative sociology, satellite communication technology and systems engineering experts. Communication of emergency information was limited causing a serious delay in the initial rescue and medical operation. For the emergency rescue and medical operations, the most important thing is to identify the number of casualties, their locations and status and to dispatch doctors and rescue workers from multiple organizations. In the case of the Tohoku earthquake, the dispatching mechanism and/or decision support system did not exist to allocate the appropriate number of doctors and locate disaster victims. Even though the doctors and rescue workers from multiple government organizations have their own dedicated communication system, the systems are not interoperable.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317338Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 317
 Y. Daqing, “Technology of Empire: Telecommunications and Japanese Expansion in Asia, 1883–1945.”, The Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 206–208, 2013.
 K. Nakajima, Y. Kurata, H. Takeda, “A web-based incident reporting system and multidisciplinary collaborative projects for patient safety in a Japanese hospital,” Qual Saf Health Care, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 123–129, 2005.
 R. Inokuchi, H. Sato, S. Nakajima, K. Shinohara, K. Nakamura, M. Gunshin, T. Hiruma, T. Ishii, T. Matsubara, Y. Kitsuta, N. Yahagi, “Development of information systems and clinical decision support systems for emergency departments: a long road ahead for Japan,” Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 30, no. 5, 2013.
 I. Suzuki, Y. Kaneko, “Government Institutions Available at Time of the 3.11 Disaster for the Emergency Management,” in Japan’s Disaster Governance, Series of Public Administration, Governance and Globalization, vol. 4, pp. 103–106, 2013.
 I. Suzuki, Y. Kaneko, “Government Institutions Available at Time of the 3.11 Disaster for the Emergency Management,” in Japan’s Disaster Governance, Series of Public Administration, Governance and Globalization, vol. 4, pp. 25–38, 2013.
 T. D. Roza, G. Bilchev, “An Overview of Location-Based Services,” BT Technology Journal, Springer, vol. 21, no. 1, pp 20–27, 2003.
 I. Hartenstein, “Medical Evacuation In Afghanistan: Lessons Identified! Lessons Learned?,” NATO OTAN， RTO-MP-HFM-157，pp. 1–5.
 J. A. Lane, B. Boehm, “System of systems lead system integrators: Where do they spend their time and what makes them more or less efficient?,” Systems Engineering, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 81–91, 2008.