Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Baghdad, Iraq
The deterioration of solid waste management in Baghdad city is considered as a great challenge in terms of human health and environment. Baghdad city is divided into thirteen districts which are distributed on both Tigris River banks. The west bank is Al-Karkh and the east bank is Al-Rusafa. Municipal Solid Waste Management is one of the most complicated problems facing the environment in Iraq. Population growth led to increase waste production and more load of the waste to the limited capacity infrastructure. The problems of municipal solid waste become more serious after the war in 2003. More waste is disposed in underground landfills in Baghdad with little or no concern for both human health and environment. The results showed that the total annually predicted solid waste is increasing for the period 2015-2030. Municipal solid waste in 2030 will be 6,427,773 tons in Baghdad city according to the population growth rate of 2.4%. This increase is estimated to be approximately 30%.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316235Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 730
 McCarthy, Iraq National Solid Waste Symposium. LGPII/Kirkuk PRT.B.(2008).
 Ministry of Planning, Central Statically Organization Iraq (CSOI) "Estimation of Iraq Population" 2015.
 Ammant Baghdad, Iraq (Unpublished data information 2010,2012,2014,2015).
 United Nations Manual I: Methods for Estimating Total Population ions, Sales No. 52.XIII.5, Ch-5 ((Estimates Derived by Extrapolation bf Census Results), 1952, pp.28-37. http://www.un.org/esa/population/techcoop/DemEst/manual1/chapter5.pdf
 S. M. Al–Rawi , T. A..Al-Tayyar Two Decades Comparison of Solid Waste Composition and Generation in Mosul City, J.of Eng. Sciences, Tikrit, Vol. 19, No.1,2012, pp.25-43.
 F. A. Suleiman, Municipal Solid Waste Management in the City of Mosul. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mosul, Iraq 2008.
 A. Alsamawi, A. T. Zboon, and A. Alnakeeb, “Estimation of Baghdad Municipal Solid Waste Generation Rate “J. of Eng. and Tech. Vol. 27, No. 1, 2009.
 D. W. Abood, A, S, Mustafa and Z, N, Abudi, Characteristics and Compositions of Solid Waste in Baghdad, Vol. 6, Iraqi J. of Civil Eng., 2009, pp. 1-11.