A Reconfigurable Microstrip Patch Antenna with Polyphase Filter for Polarization Diversity and Cross Polarization Filtering Operation
A reconfigurable microstrip patch antenna with polyphase filter for polarization diversity and cross polarization filtering operation is presented in this paper. In our approach, a polyphase filter is used to obtain the four 90° phase shift outputs to feed a square microstrip patch antenna. The antenna can be switched between four states of polarization in transmission as well as in receiving mode. Switches are interconnected with the polyphase filter network to produce left-hand circular polarization, right-hand circular polarization, horizontal linear polarization, and vertical linear polarization. Additional advantage of using polyphase filter is its filtering capability for cross polarization filtering in right-hand circular polarization and left-hand circular polarization operation. The theoretical and simulated results demonstrated that polyphase filter is a good candidate to drive microstrip patch antenna to accomplish polarization diversity and cross polarization filtering operation.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1128255Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 917
 W.-S. Yoon, J.-W. Baik, H.-S. Lee, S. Pyo, S.-M. Han and Y.-S. Kim, “A reconfigurable circularly polarized microstrip antenna with a slotted ground plane,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 9, pp.1161–1164, 2010.
 C. Phongcharoenpanich and K. Boonying, “Polarization switchable flat antenna for WLAN applications,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications pp. 695–698, 2014.
 Eli Aloni and Raphael Kastner, “Analysis of a dual circularly polarized microstrip antenna fed by crossed slots,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 42, no. 8, August 1994.
 Jeen-Sheen Row and Jia-Feng Wu, “Aperture-coupled microstrip antennas with switchable polarization,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 54, no. 9, September 2006.
 W. M. Dorsey, A. I. Zaghloul, “Dual-band, dual-circularly polarised antenna element,” IET Microwave Antennas Propagation, vol. 7, Iss. 4, pp. 283–290, 2013.
 T. Hiraguri, Y. Ojiro, K. Hirasawa and K. Shouno, “Polarisation control of a loop antenna by pin diodes,” IET Microwaves Antennas Propagation, vol. 1, pp. 592–596, 2007.
 D.-H. Hyun, J.-W. Baik, S.H. Lee and Y.-S. Kim, “Reconfigurable microstrip antenna with polarization diversity,” Electronics Letters 10th vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 509–511, April 2008.
 Wenquan Cao, Bangning Zhang, Aijun Liu, Tongbin Yu, Daosheng Guo, and Kegang Pan, “A reconfigurable microstrip antenna with radiation pattern selectivity and polarization diversity,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 453–456, 2012.
 Johannes A. G. Akkermans and Matti H. A. J. Herben, “Millimeter-wave antenna with adjustable polarization,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 7, pp. 539–542, 2008.
 C.Y.D. Sim, T.-Y. Lin and J.-S. Row, “Aperture-coupled antenna with switchable polarization and frequency agility,” Electronics Letters 13th vol. 45 no. 17, pp. 865–866, August 2009.
 K. Ming-Jiang Ho, Gabriel M. Rebeiz, “A 0.9–1.5 GHz microstrip antenna with full polarization diversity and frequency agility,” IEEE Transactions On Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 2398– 2406, May 2014.
 O.H. Karabey, S. Bildik, S. Strunck, A. Gaebler and R. Jakoby, “Continuously polarization reconfigurable antenna element by using liquid crystal based tunable coupled line,” Electronics Letters 2nd, vol. 48 no. 3, February 2012.
 O. H. Karabey, S. Bildik, S. Bausch, S. Strunck, A. Gaebler, R. Jakoby, “Continuously polarization agile antenna by using liquid crystal-based tunable variable delay lines,” IEEE Transactions On Antennas And Propagation, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 70–76, January 2013.
 Z. Bao, Z. Nie, X. Zong, “A novel broadband dual-polarization antenna utilizing strong mutual coupling,” IEEE Transactions On Antennas And Propagation, vol. 62, no. 1, January 2014.
 F. Behbahani, Y. Kishigami, J. Leete, A.A. Abidi , “CMOS mixers and polyphase filters for large image rejection,” IEEE Journal-Solid-State Circuits, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 873–887, 2001.
 S. M. Bowers, A. Safaripour, A. Hajimiri, “Dynamic polarization control,” IEEE Journal Of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1224–1236, 2015.
 E. Stikvoort, “Polyphase filter section with opamps,” IEEE Transactions Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 376–378, 2003.