Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30455
Wireless Sensor Networks for Water Quality Monitoring: Prototype Design
Abstract:This paper is devoted to present the advances in the design of a prototype that is able to supervise the complex behavior of water quality parameters such as pH and temperature, via a real-time monitoring system. The current water quality tests that are performed in government water quality institutions in Mexico are carried out in problematic locations and they require taking manual samples. The water samples are then taken to the institution laboratory for examination. In order to automate this process, a water quality monitoring system based on wireless sensor networks is proposed. The system consists of a sensor node which contains one pH sensor, one temperature sensor, a microcontroller, and a ZigBee radio, and a base station composed by a ZigBee radio and a PC. The progress in this investigation shows the development of a water quality monitoring system. Due to recent events that affected water quality in Mexico, the main motivation of this study is to address water quality monitoring systems, so in the near future, a more robust, affordable, and reliable system can be deployed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1111548Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2716
 Sánchez, O. (editor). Perspectivas sobre conservación de ecosistemas acuáticos en México (Spanish). National Institute of Ecology. México, 2007.
 Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Water Quality. Available at: http://floridakeys.noaa.gov/ocean/waterquality.html, 2011 (Accessed September 2015).
 Bartram, J, Ballance R. Water Quality Monitoring: A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programs. London UK: World Health Organization. 348 1996.
 Roni, P. (editor), and E. Quimby (technical editor). Monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, 2005.
 World Health Organization. Guidelines for drinking water quality 4th ed. Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
 World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Planning of Water-Quality Monitoring Systems. Available at: http://www.wmo.int/pages/ prog/hwrp/publications/Technical_report_series/TR-No3water_quality_ monitoring_systems.pdf Geneva Switzerland, 2013 (Accessed October 2015).
 International Commission of Irrigation and Drainage (ICID). México Profile Available at: http://www.icid.org/cp_mexico.html (Accessed September 2015).
 National Water Commission. 2010. Statistics on Water in Mexico. México, 2010.
 Proceso Magazine. Detectan alta contaminación de organismos fecales en la laguna de Cajititlan (Spanish). Available at: http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=381778 (Accessed September 2015).
 Cisneros R. Derrame en el rio Sonora: lo que sabemos y lo que no sobre el caso (Spanish), Available at: http://mexico.cnn.com/nacional/ 2014/08/28/derrame-en-el-rio-sonora-lo-que-sabemos-y-lo-que-no-sobre-el-caso (Accessed October 2015).
 World Health Organization. Water and health, Available at http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/mdg1/en, 2013 (Accessed September 2015).
 Barron J., Ashton C. and Geary L. The effects of temperature on pH measurement. 57th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry. Edinburgh. 2006.
 Hach Company. What is pH and how is it measured? A technical handbook for industry. Hach Company U.S.A., 2010.
 Digi International Inc. XBee and XBee-PRO ZigBee RF Modules. Available at: http://www.digi.com/products/xbee-rf-solutions/modules/ xbee-zigbee#specifications (Accessed September 2015).
 Yang, S. Wireless Sensor Networks (Signals and Communication Technology). 1st Edition. Springer, 2014.
 Gervais-Ducouret, S. Next smart sensors generation. Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), 2011 IEEE, vol., no., pp.193-196, 22-24 Feb. 2011.
 Makinwa, K. Smart Sensor Design. Smart Sensor Systems, ed: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014, pp. 1-16.
 Pertijs, M. Calibration and Self-Calibration of Smart Sensors, Smart Sensor Systems, ed: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014, pp. 17-41.
 Jiang P., Xia H., He Z. & Wang Z., 2009. Design of Water Environment Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks. MDPI, China.
 Faustine, A., Mvuma, A., Mong, H., Gabriel, M., Tenge, A., Kucel, S. Wireless sensor networks for water quality monitoring and control within Lake Victoria Basin: Prototype development. Tanzania, 2014.
 McRoberts, M. Beginning Arduino. New York: Apress, 2010.
 AtlasScientific. EZO TM class embedded pH circuit. Available at: https://www.atlas-scientific.com/_files/_datasheets/_circuit/pH_EZO_ datasheet.pdf (Accessed September 2015).
 SparkFun. Programmable Resolution 1-Wire® Digital Thermometer. Available at: http://cdn.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Sensors/Temp/ DS18B20.pdf (Accessed September 2015).
 Digi International Inc (a). ZigBee RF Modules Xbee2, Xbeepro2 Xbee Pro S2B. Available at: http://ftp1.digi.com/support/documentation/ 90000976_W.pdf (Accessed September 2015).